(See results two years later below)

Jim (Wild Man) Hayes was vocal in justifying the need to stabilize the banks of Coal Creek, and rightfully so.  One government representative described the property next to his home in Briceville as “the worst case of stream bank erosion I’ve ever seen”.  Jim died of cancer in 2002 without having seen his bank repaired.     

Jim (Wild Man) Hayes at left assembling
gabion baskets on a previous
bank stabilization project

Stream bank adjacent to
Hayes' residence before stabilization

On Saturday, 4 December 2004, Jim's wife Winfrey and their friends gathered to complete the bank stabilization project next to his home.  Large stone rip rap, underlain by filter fabric, was used to stabilize the lower bank next to the creek.  The bank above the rip rap was then excavated to a flatter slope.  Volunteers spread lime, fertilizer, and seed on the upper slope and then installed erosion control mat to enable vegetation to establish.

The project was funded by Anderson County Project Impact and FEMA. 

Completed project shown at right.





Each step in the project is described as follows:

Click on image to enlarge

Step 1:  After the bank slope was excavated to a 2H to 1V inclination and the toe was stabilized with rockfill riprap and filter fabric, an anchor trench was excavated at the top, upstream, and downstream limits of the slope defining the limits of the erosion control mat to be installed.

Step 2:  Lime, fertilizer, and seed were applied over the bare ground exposed by the construction.

Step 3:  Beginning at the downstream end of the repair zone, the erosion control mats were unrolled down the slope.  The process was repeated with additional matting being unrolled from the top to the bottom of the slope.  Upstream mat sections overlapped downstream mat sections at least 6 inches.  This joint alignment pattern was selected to reduce the potential for flowing water to lift mat sections similar to the way roofing shingles are overlapped and aligned to keep a roof from leaking.
Step 4:  Anchor pins were driven through the matting and into the ground on 12" to 18" spacing at joints and 2-foot to 3-foot spacing between joints.
Step 5:  Riprap was placed on the lower end of the matting to anchor it in place.
Step 6:  The uphill, upstream, and downstream anchor trenches were then backfilled with soil.

Step 7:  Completed installation. Woody vegetation will be planted to complete the project.

Volunteers were fed by local church ladies -- The best part of the day!!

Coal Creek Scholar Jacob Phillips (Center) and Dustin Byrge (Right) with Jacob's
mom, shown after their
outstanding volunteer efforts for the day

Additional photos of the effort:


Two years later, on 28 October 2006, volunteers planted trees on the bank to further stabilize the earth.  TVA dug the holes and provided the trees.  Volunteers planted the trees and put black plastic corrugated pipe around the bottom to help protect from beavers.

HUGE thanks to Tiffany Foster (TVA) for acquiring the trees and working with landowners to design the layout for planting the trees!!


Volunteers included:

Bailey, Zenith
Bolinger, Tammy
Bowlin, Ralph
Buffington, Buzz TU
Bullock, Jenna -- Coal Creek Scholar
Byrge, Dustin
Daugherty, Della
Daugherty, Roy
Duncan, Elsie
Hahn, Scott, TU
Hayes, Winfrey
McCallister, Donald
McCallister, Duane
Moore, Carol, TU / CCWF
Morgan, Mark
Phillips, Jacob –Coal Creek Scholar
Phillips, Rosemary
Smith, Phillip-- Coal Creek Scholar
Thacker, Barry, TU / CCWF
Thurman, John,  TU
Tindell, Garland
Tinker, Brenda
Toyohara, Hiroshi TU
Wilson, Ann
Wilson, Lonnie Gene

See news articles about the project

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